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 Tytuł: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration!
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 12:11 am 
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Rejestracja: ndz wrz 06, 2015 6:28 pm
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Hi guys

I wanted to share some pictures from museums that I took recently as inspiration and preparation of playing BY FIRE AND SWORD.
The most important collection of pictures are from a small museum (Ryttergården) that has an amazing diorama exhibition (I believe 18 hand made diorama) that illustrates the 1657-1660 war with Sweden. The diorama was made by Lars Cramer-Petersen - the museum director. I believe all dioramas are hand made and well researched. My picture are poor due to camera and lighting the but the actual displays were out of this world!

About the exhibition in Danish. It was made by Lars Cramer-Petersen for Brønshøj Museum.:
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The Danish envoys on their way to declare war against Sweden. June 1st. 1657. At the Swedish fortification of Halmstad.
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"Denmark must be defeated" the Swedish king declares. The king was with his soldiers (hired ones) in Poland where they had won many battles over Germans and Poles, but they victories were meaningless as they kept reorganizing. The Swedish king had designs on Denmark, an easy target he thought. And the Danish declaration of war came at the perfect time. He gathered his troops and marched hastily through Northern Germany towards Holstein, where the main Danish force was located.
This scene shows a regiment being ordered before attacking the Danes. You can see the pikes and heavy muskets. The landsknechts had to pay for their own clothes and weapons, so they didn't have a uniform look. But for battle they had armbands or coloured feathers in their hats to give an organized appearance. Now off to fight the Danes at Holstein (source and freely translated from Lars Cramer-Petersen):
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The attack on Frederiksodde (Fredericia). The quick moving Swedish troops created panic in the Danish forces of Holstein and Bremen. After several defeats the Danish forces withdrew into Jutland. Several troops entered the newly built and almost completed fortification of Frederiksodde. The Swedes attacked three places on the morning of Oct. 24th 1657. The attack succeeded. About 2000 Danish troops were captured and only small forces escaped on small boats to Fyn (Fune). Here is the attack on the ramparts of Frederiksodde:
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The Danes did put up fierce resistance as the Swedes attacked through Denmark. Here from a cover of the novel, Gøngehøvdingen about Svende "Gønge" Poulsen:
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The winter was particular harsh that year and the Danish sounds were frozen over. This allowed the Swedes to do a bold move and enter Denmark and take vast territory in short time. The normally strong navy couldn't assist in the defense as the ships couldn't move. Here is the Swedish King Carl rallying his troops and the troops making their way across the frozen sea:
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Peace negotiations in a rectory / vicarage in Høje Tåstrup. When Copenhagen realized that Swedish troops were getting nearer they sent peace negotiators. First they met the Swedish king at Vordingborg but gained no results. Later they met at this rectory, where they after complicated negotiations agreed to the painful peace treaty where Denmark gave up Skåne, Halland and Blekinge (all parts of South Sweden today. They episode here is showing a part of the negotiations where the Danish delegation had agreed in a break to at a certain point break off the negotiations claiming the reached the limit of their mandate. This should involve getting up hurriedly and throwing back their chairs. The tactic however failed as it was overheard by a half-sleeping Swedish officer in the attic. The officer hurried down and what happened next nobody knows... (source: Lars Cramer-Petersen):
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The Swedish King Carl looking down at Copenhagen from Valby Bakke as soon as he got near Copenhagen from Korsør. The mills and wooden buildings outside Copenhagen were burned down to make sure the cannons had good firing lanes and so they wouldn't provide cover for the Swedes when they later attacked:
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The Swedish fortification in Carlstad. A town they built with barracks and fortifications outside of Copenhagen. Nothing remains of this large complex today, but people living in the area (Brønshøj) sometimes find cannon balls and other remains from those days in their gardens:
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The Swedes outside Copenhagen:
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And how the Swedish newly built city of Carlstad looked:
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same city I think, painting:
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The sea battle of Hven Island (small island between Sweden and Denmark). The Dutch came as a relieve force and battled throught he Swedish blockade and landed much needed troops and supplies to Copenhagen. The Danish navy couldn't assist doing to northern winds that didn't allow them to arrive. But hey the Dutch did well on their own:
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The Swedish troops could look on from Kronborg, the most formidable castle and fortification in Denmark, which they had captured. (I don't know what happened with the Danish commander who just gave up the castle complete with cannons and ressources, but .....):
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This is the largest display case of the exhibition. I took this picture to give you an idea. It shows the storm on Copenhagen. The Swedes had storm ladders and went over the ice to storm the ramparts. However Danish spies had already found the storm ladders before the attack and had increased the size of the ramparts. Only a handful of Swedes ever made it up on the ramparts and none of the attacks were successful. All citizens including women were mustered for the defense. And if you go to Danish museums you can still see a storm ladder that was used in the attack as well as the partisan weapon that killed one of the few Swedes who made it up the walls:
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Storm of Copenhagen 1659 (created by Lars Cramer-Petersen):
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Plans that show Copenhagen and it's ramparts as well as the three attack points.
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Retreat to Carlstad (the Swedish fortified barrack town they built outside of Copenhagen). The disappointed landsknechts retreat to Copenhagen without getting the promised prize that King Carl had them dreaming about (three days of looting of Copenhagen. The second and last storm failed (Copenhagen's Østervold, today's State Museum of Art), about 1000 troops had died or were wounded in vain:
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I believe this is a road being plundered outside Copenhagen .............. Frederikssundsvej. After the defeat the Swedes stayed almost a year and half. Even a few months after King Carl's death in feb. 1660. The plunder continued... (source Lars Cramer-Petersen):
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Not just the area around Carlstad but all of Denmark, while Copenhagen was sieged, was marked by forced military service, plunder and destruction by the Swedish forces. This went on from fall of 1658 until the peace negotiations of 1660. This scenery by Lars Cramer-Petersen shows us how it could have played out in Udby, Sjælland, when Swedish troops came by.
The nearby settlements were robbed and sometimes torched as the Swedes passed by. Not only soldiers came, but they brought family, wives, children, prostitutes, wounded soldiers and craftsmen with them.
In the background is Svend "Gønge" Poulsen, the famous partisan and his squire Ib who both looks worried at the spectacle:
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Read more about Svend Poulsen on Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svend_Poulsen

As the Swedes realized they couldn't take Copenhagen, they eventually held auctions for the Danes, selling back the items they plundered in the first place to whoever could afford them:
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...........?
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(can't recall what this picture is right now)

Here are image links to larger images of all the above (same) images, in a non-ordered way. If you want to see a larger image feel free to click on these. I have no current plans of ordering these though:
http://imagizer.imageshack.us/v2/1600x1 ... gFHJwV.jpg
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Ostatnio zmieniony pt lis 20, 2015 2:17 am przez draccan, łącznie zmieniany 14 razy

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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 12:24 am 
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Rejestracja: czw lut 25, 2010 12:55 am
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great exhibition, thanks for sharing!


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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 12:26 am 
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Rejestracja: czw gru 08, 2011 7:44 pm
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I have lack of knowledge about this period, war etc, but im courious what these womens are doing on this rampart.

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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 1:53 am 
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Rejestracja: pn gru 22, 2014 12:47 pm
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Thanks for sharing!

Another place on the list to visit. :D


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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 2:12 am 
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Rejestracja: ndz wrz 06, 2015 6:28 pm
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I think this is it for the 1657-1660 exhibition. 8) I may add more pictures and comments later on when I find time to translate more texts and double check everything. This took several hours to do, so don't hold your breath :(

By the way all citizens defended the ramparts. Including women.
If Copenhagen would have fallen, I dread to think what would have been of Denmark today.
There were even a student militia in black uniforms as well as the first formation of what later become the royal guards. There is a drawing of soldiers in red uniforms and I wonder if these were the royal guards.

My army will contain a student regiment in black and a royal guard in red, a Dutch regiment with orange colours here and there. As well as mercenary cavalry, guns and a Danish national cavalry.

Next up will be items, weapons, clothings and stuff from museums around Copenhagen. I took a lot of (mainly poor) pictures and would like to share them later, when I have time. There is MUCH to share for the 17th. century. There are naval battles (dioramas), ship models, as well and models of buildings/Copenhagen and stuff.

I hope you guys enjoyed this. This exhibition is the background for my inspiration to create a Danish defense force. I just ordered the miniatures and can't wait to share my progress and start playing with them...

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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 2:43 am 
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Rejestracja: ndz paź 13, 2013 2:34 am
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This is great! :D

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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 3:02 am 
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Rejestracja: ndz wrz 06, 2015 6:28 pm
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I created a Danish Facebook group for a hopefully future Danish group of players, but everyone is welcome (English language welcome as well) if someone wants to join ....

https://www.facebook.com/byfireandsworddenmark/?fref=ts

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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 5:15 pm 
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Quite pretty piece of Danish history you have dropped here :)


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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: pt lis 20, 2015 5:21 pm 
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interesting story about Swedish troops crossing over the frozen Baltic sea- this was story also in our coutry, my grand mother once told me from very old tale from the past that during Deludge Sweds came to us the same way- possible it was regarding Danish campaign... who knows :)


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 Tytuł: Re: Denmark in War (with Sweden) - picture heavy inspiration
Post: wt lis 24, 2015 12:24 am 
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Thanks Kaduceusz!

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